* * The Photoshop CS5 Training Video Bible is an excellent resource for learning Photoshop. It includes both tutorials and lessons on using Photoshop in each of its editing modes. The cost is $35. You can get the video-tutorials format (select DVD-Video, if you have a DVD) or the flippable transcript format (select CD-ROM). To find it in a store near you, go to www.sybex.com/go/photoshop.
Like the other versions of Photoshop, Elements includes tools for manipulating and combining images from various sources including the web, digital cameras and scanners, DVDs, smartphones and other sources.
Elements comes with a large collection of tools with beginner-friendly features like customizable menus, layers, histograms and the ability to work with imagery in the RAW format and OpenEXR.
Another common feature of Elements is the ability to create and edit vector graphics like circles, paths, triangles and shapes. It also includes vector tools like Live Trace.
Elements lets you batch process images or use them as an alpha channel in other layers like Photoshop. You can also create a new layer and trace or paint an image to be used as a new layer.
The last feature, but not the least, is its ability to automate repetitive tasks. You can use the Actions panel to create a new action or import an action from your computer, DVD or web. Actions allow the user to automate any process in Photoshop.
7 Ways to Use Elements
In this article we’ll go over some of the tools included in Photoshop Elements and how you can use them to create images, videos, products, logos and more.
Ways to Use
Create a new document using your previously edited image and make a vector-based illustration.
Add or remove a vintage effect to an image.
Create a vector based graphic like a logo, a simple icon, or a poster.
Applying and enhancing color to your image using the eraser tool.
Adjust a color in your image using the adjustment layers panel.
Fix a blemish on your photo.
Create a handmade cover for your eBook
Printer Friendly Version
Ways to Use
InDesign is Adobe’s professional software for creating publications and documents. Elements is built into InDesign, so you can also use it to create an ebook cover.
If you don’t have InDesign you can download it for Mac or Windows. You can purchase a subscription through Adobe Creative Cloud or purchase a copy for 60 dollars.
The good thing about InDesign is that it is fully interactive. You can add objects like text, images, shapes and images to a document. If you create a document in an incompatible format you can save it in both document and vector-based formats.
It is possible to
= Color Picker =
Color pickers are useful tools for editing images by defining color or ink choices on a color wheel. Color pickers are available in Photoshop through:
* [Color Selector](
* [Pen Tool](
* [Paint bucket](
== Adding Effects =
Photoshop effects are like filter tools in that they can be applied to an image. However, effects are not limited to filtering an image. You can also blend two images, change an image color, blur an image, and more. Photoshop effects can be found in:
* [Filter Effects](
* [Filter Gallery](
* [Filter Properties](
* [Layer effects](
== Layer Masks =
Layer masks are a great way to apply visual effects to a specific portion of an image. Creating a layer mask is easy. To create a new layer mask:
1. Select the layer to which you want to apply the visual effects.
Habitable Zone of Mars Could Be as Small as It Was for Early Life on Earth
22 May 2017
“It’s plausible that early life might have been found on Mars, if Mars was just as wet as Earth,” says Jonathan Lunine, a leading proponent of the astrobiological search for life elsewhere.
A Martian surface that’s similar to early Earth could have sustained the development of life, according to Jonathan Lunine, a planetary scientist and astrobiologist at the University of Arizona and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, who led the research.
“It’s plausible that early life might have been found on Mars, if Mars was just as wet as Earth,” says Lunine. “And that would be good news for astrobiology.”
His findings provide a new estimate for the number of habitable planets within the Milky Way Galaxy. His team calculated how many Mars-mass planets with liquid water on their surface are capable of sustaining a similar climate to Earth.
“The early Earth may have been remarkably wet, too wet for life, but perhaps Mars was not that different. We may have found a habitable Mars,” says Lunine.
Because Mars’ surface water has long since evaporated, it is thought to be too hostile for life today. But, to find out whether liquid water once extended across the Martian landscape, researchers used computer models and climate data to predict what Mars’ climate might have been like billions of years ago.
Computer models show that the early climate would have sustained extensive surface water as glaciers and large polar ice sheets melted. These factors would have flowed into a series of lakes, providing liquid water for microorganisms.
Lunine and his team compared this early climate to Earth to assess how wet Mars’ surface could have been. They combined the current estimates for how much water is locked in the world’s frozen surface with estimates for how much water is hidden beneath the planet’s surface—hydrothermal reservoirs and carbonates—to estimate just how much of the planet’s surface could have been wet.
“Earth is really an outlier in terms of its habitability,” says Lunine. “If you wanted to start making a case for life, you would want to find a few planets that are as similar to Earth as Mars.”
The researchers used Earth’s current atmospheric composition and climate, including the solar
Please note that you need to make a distinction between system requirements and hardware requirements.
What does “Minimum” mean?
Minimum means that you should buy the device or computer to be able to use the product.
What does “recommended” mean?
With recommended, we mean that, in many cases, the purchase of a device or computer is not necessary, or there is a very good chance that a device or computer with lower specifications can work with the product.
What does “pre